Let's combine factory method with simple factory voilá: here is the abstract factory design pattern written in Swift language!

Abstract factory in Swift

The abstract factory pattern provides a way to encapsulate a group of individual factories that have a common theme without specifying their concrete classes.

So abstract factory is there for you to create families of related objects. The implementation usually combines simple factory & factory method principles. Individual objects are created through factory methods, while the whole thing is wrapped in an "abstract" simple factory. Now check the code! 😅

As you can see using an abstract factory will influence the whole application logic, while factory methods have effects only on local parts. Implementation can vary for example you could also create a standalone protocol for the abstract factory, but in this example I wanted to keep things as simple as I could.

Abstract factories are often used to achieve object independence. For example if you have multiple different SQL database connectors (PostgreSQL, MySQL, etc.) written in Swift with a common interface, you could easily switch between them anytime using this pattern. Same logic could be applied for anything with a similar scenario. 🤔

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